Written in English
|Statement||[by George Z. Kunkel].|
|Contributions||Kunkel, George Z.|
The content of the composition is not “four minutes and 33 seconds of silence”—as is often assumed, but rather the sounds of the environment heard by the audience during performance. Answer. Here are the corrections: The hyphen in between and should be an en-dash: –; The word non-standard doesn’t need a hyphen. It. No hyphens: The child is two years old. (Because years is plural.) Exception: The child is one year old. (Or day, week, month, etc.) Note that when hyphens are involved in expressing ages, two hyphens are required. Many writers forget the second hyphen: Incorrect: We have a two-year old child. Without the second hyphen, the sentence is about an "old child.". In general, if the first of two adjectives is describing the second, and not the noun following, you should use a hyphen: deep-blue water, good-tasting hamburger, happy-faced child. Width Difference. The em dash is roughly as wide as two hyphens. In the days of typewriters, it was actually written as two hyphens. Insights, inspiration, and practical advice for writers. Yes, CMOS is a bit confusing that way. (17th ed.) says the “first place to look” is the dictionary, but says that when compounds follow the noun, hyphenation is “usually unnecessary”–even when .
In the second set, the hyphens seem a little excessive. Ultimately, the choice of whether to hyphenate these terms or not comes down to common sense: if it makes sense without a hyphen, leave the hyphen out. If the hyphen would make the sentence clearer, add one in. 2. Hyphenating comparative and superlative compound adjectives. “Computer related” is a compound adjective and whether or not you should use a hyphen depends on where it is located in the sentence. If it appears before the word it modifies, include a hyphen. If after, omit the hyphen. This is mostly a clarification of Ex-user's answer. What Is a Hyphen? A hyphen (-) is a punctuation mark that’s used to join words or parts of words. It’s not interchangeable with other types of dashes. Use a hyphen in a compound modifier when the modifier comes before; the word it’s modifying. If you’re not sure whether a compound word has a hyphen or not, check your preferred dictionary. It's conceivable that over time, e-book may lose its hyphen. Both the AP Stylebook and the Buzzfeed Style Guide already recommend spelling email without the hyphen. But for now, the hyphen in e-book is safe. Continue to include it. Authors were treated badly in the recent e-book dispute. E-books currently make up two percent of my book sales.
Use a hyphen to join two or more words serving as a single adjective before a noun: a one-way street. chocolate-covered peanuts. well-known author. However, when compound modifiers come after a noun, they are not hyphenated: The peanuts were chocolate covered. The author was well known. In a suspended compound, such as "short- and long-term memory systems," note that a hyphen and a space follow the first element and a hyphen without a space follows the second element. In his book Making a Point: The Persnickety Story of English Punctuation (), David Crystal describes the hyphen as "the most unpredictable of marks."Author: Richard Nordquist. The hyphen, en dash and em dash are different lengths, and only the hyphen can be found on your computer keyboard, right next to the zero. The other two are slightly wider and require fancy keystrokes on your PC, like Ctrl+Num Lock – to get the en dash and Alt+Ctrl+Num Lock – for the em dash, both using the numerical keypad. Hyphen. For most writers, the hyphen’s primary function is the formation of certain compound terms. The hyphen is also used for word division, which is briefly explained here. Never use a hyphen in place of an en dash or an em dash. Compound terms. Compound terms are those that consist of more than one word but represent a single item or idea.